T-Shirt Buyers Guide

T-Shirts became popular in the Unites Stated when they were issued by the US Navy during the Spanish American War. They were designed to be worn under a uniform allowing sailors to remove their uniform jacket in hot conditions, only soiling a single garment. By the mid 1930's the tshirt became the choice of clothing for farm or ranch chores. It finally achieved status as a stand alone garment after Marlin Brando wore one in the movie "A Streetcar Named Desire". By the 1950's tshirts began to be professionally decorated using a variety of techniques.

Tshirt Fabric

Hanes 5180 Beefy Tshirt
The first specification you will be presented with is the weight of the tshirt fabric. This refers to the weight of one yard of tshirt fabric. The higher the weight, the thicker the tshirt material. Common weights for tshirt fabric are 5.1, 5.5 and 6.1 ounces with the 5.5 ounce being the most popular. Which one is better? The answer will depend on the use of the tshirt. Lightweight tshirt materials are commonly used in some of the more fashionable tshirt styles and they work well in that application. In rugged use environment such as a construction jobsite, you will find that a heavyweight tshirt will be more durable.

Tshirt weight is only part of the answer to the question of which is better. The blend of fabric is also a very important part of a great tshirt. While 100% cotton tees are very common, many manufacturers blend the cotton with polyester to make it stain and stain resistant, breathable, and less prone to shrinkage. In general, more polyester content produces greater breathability, stain and wrinkle resistance. Blended tshirts also tend to be a bit cheaper than 100% cotton.

Fit & Fashion

When it comes to the concept of fit in the tshirt world, two basic categories emerge. For purposes of this discussion lets call them "Fashionable Tees" and "Standard Tees". Fashionable tees are cut in a way that allow the clothing designer to enhance certain physical features of the wearer. Standard tshirts are designed to fit a variety of people comfortably with and still look good. This is an often overlooked consideration when choosing custom tshirts for business or an event. A decorated tshirt is of no use if the recipient can not find a size that fits them well...unfortunately, many of the more fashionable tshirts fall into this category.

6710 Next Level Ladies Tri-Blend Crew
Fashionable Fit T-Shirt
5180 Short Sleeve Hanes 6.1 oz. Beefy-T
Standard Fit Tshirt
A recent trend in the design of tshirts is the addition of different types of cotton the the blend. Two of most popular cotton threads in use today are combed cotton and organic cotton. The carding process used to make combed cotton produces a soft fabric with few loose fibers on the fabric surface. Organic cotton and blends of organic cotton are produced in an environmentally friendly manner which yields an excellent cotton fabric with only a slight increase in cost.

TShirt Decoration Methods

There are four decoration methods that are commonly used on tshirts: screen printing, iron on transfers, DTG printing, and embroidery. Each method has advantages and disadvantages:

Silk screening produces designs by depositing ink on the surface of the fabric through a synthetic fabric screen. The result is a logo that you can feel on top of the fabric and that over time will crack and peel as the garment wears out. The process has a practical limit to the number of colors that can be reproduced in the logo.

Iron on transfers are a thin plastic film that has the desired logo printed on it. The film is attached to the fabric by heating it at application time. As with silk screened logo's, it can be felt on top of the fabric and will crack, peel, and pucker as the fabric wears. This process has no limits on the number of colors that can be used in the logo.

DTG printing also called "digital printing" or "direct to garment printing" is a recent addition to the decorators toolbox. It digitally deposits ink on the tshirt fabric the same way your ink jet printer prints on paper. It can reproduce stunning full color images on light colored fabrics. The ink it uses actually dye's the fabric so it cannot be felt by the wearer. Since it uses digital technology there is no machine setup required which allows a single item to be produced cost effectively. The downside to DTG technology is that inks are expensive and they are slow compared to silk sceening or iron on transfers. DTG excels on light garments, dark garments are problematic with high ink costs and a special fabric treatment that must be used (although it is constantly improving).

Embroidered tshirt sample
Embroidery is an excellent decoration process that provides a great looking finished product. It wears well and looks very professional when compared with any of the available printing methods. The design options can be limiting since the design must be reproduced with threads rather than ink. Small details such as lettering can be difficult to reproduce and you are limited to between 9 and 15 colors in the design. Even with the limitations, the results are so outstanding many customers prefer embroidery to any of the other printing methods. More information is available in our free online guide: How To buy Embroidery.

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